Home

Parthenon temple

The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddes The Parthenon is a temple of the Doric order with eight columns at the façade, and seventeen columns at the flanks, conforming to the established ratio of 9:4. This ratio governed the vertical and horizontal proportions of the temple as well as many other relationships of the building like the spacing between the columns and their height Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (Athena the Virgin). The temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order , the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders Fact #2: The Parthenon served as a temple in various religions. The Parthenon was dedicated to Goddess Athena, and took its name from one of her many qualities, being a Virgen Goddess (in Greek parthenos), thus Parthenon! The temple was serving her and the ancient religion of the Greek Pantheon Built over 2000 years ago, the Parthenon temple is dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena. Parthenon is one of the oldest temples in the world. It sits on the Acropolis hill, Greece ever since the mid-5th century. The Parthenon which is one of the world's greatest cultural monuments was built by Ictinus and Callicrates, instructed by Pericles

Parthenon is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construct.. Die beste und bequemste Art der Fortbewegung bzw. um hinzukommen ist die Metro in Athen Es gibt drei Linien (M1= grüne Linie, M2=rote Linie und M3= blaue Linie). Zentrale schnittstellen sind Ormonia und Syntagma-Platz. Der Besuch des Parthenon sollte man sich nicht entgehen lassen. Einlass im Sommerhalbjahr täglich zwischen 8.00 Uhr - 19.30Uhr Le Parthénon — grec ancien: Ὁ Παρθενών / Parthenṓn, littéralement « la « salle » ou la « demeure » des vierges » —, est un temple grec situé sur l'Acropole d'Athènes, dédié à la déesse Athéna, que les Athéniens considéraient comme la patronne de leur cité. Réalisé entièrement en marbre pentélique, le Parthénon est à la fois un temple et un trésor, au sens antique du terme. Le naos du Parthénon fut conçu pour abriter la statue chryséléphantine de.

Parthenon - HISTOR

The Parthenon in Centennial Park, in Nashville, Tennessee, is a full-scale replica of the original Parthenon in Athens. It was designed by architect William Crawford Smith and built in 1897 as part of the Tennessee Centennial Exposition. Today the Parthenon, which functions as an art museum, stands as the centerpiece of Centennial Park, a large public park just west of downtown Nashville. Alan LeQuire's 1990 re-creation of the Athena Parthenos statue in the naos is the focus of the Parthenon ju The Parthenon was built as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It was the centrepiece of an ambitious building programme on the Acropolis of Athens. The temple's great size and lavish use of white marble was intended to show off the city's power and wealth at the height of its empire Parthenon er et tempel på Akropolis i Athen, det mest berømte av alle greske templer. Det ble bygd 447-432 fvt., som første ledd i Perikles-tidens store gjenreisningsprosjekt for Athene-helligdommen på Akropolis. Arkitektene var Iktinos og Kallikrates, mens billedhuggeren Feidias stod for utsmykningen.

Parthenon - Ancient Greec

Parthenon Temple 地理位置 希腊 雅典卫城的古城堡中心 [3] 气候条件 地中海气候 开放时间 8:00-20:00 门票价格 套票12欧元 占地面积 23000 平方英尺 著名景点 浮雕、女神像 作 者 伊克蒂诺斯 建造时间 前447至前432年 别 名 希腊神庙 建筑风格 希腊时期典型作品 所属国家 希 The Parthenon in Nashville is the world's only exact-size and detail replica of the original temple in Athens, Greece. When Tennessee celebrated its hundredth year of statehood with the Tennessee Centennial Exposition, Nashville took advantage of its nickname Athens of the South and built the art building as a copy of Athens' most famous building and the epitome of Greek classical architecture パルテノン神殿(パルテノンしんでん、希: Παρθενών, ローマ字: Parthenon)は、古代ギリシア時代にアテナイのアクロポリスの上に建設された、アテナイの守護神であるギリシア神話の女神 アテーナーを祀る神殿 。紀元前447年に建設が始まり、紀元前438年に完工、装飾等は紀元前431年まで行われた

Originally a temple found by the Goddess Athena. The Parthenon is the birthplace of both the Healing and Blessing elements. Since then it has grown into the world's leading experts of White Magic, including the spirit and plant elements. To awaken the Blessing Element, it is still required to spend time at the Parthenon under training Parthenon. Fig. 1. Parthénon pris du Temple de la Victoire, Aptère, et mur Pélasgique, photograph by unidentified artist, c. 1900 (Source: Harvard Art Museums) Carved from white Pentelic marble and fixed to the temple of Athena at the Acropolis in Greece for 2200 years before their removal in the 19th century, the Parthenon marbles are. The Parthenon temple barely survived to the present time, and, despite the fact that the initial appearance of the building was much grander, today it is considered an example of ancient beauty. This is the main attraction in Greece and worth visiting when traveling around the country

Video: Parthenon Definition, History, Architecture, & Facts

The Parthenon: 10 Surprising Facts about the Templ

Parthenon (m.kreik. Παρθενών, Parthenōn) on antiikin aikainen Athene Parthenokselle omistettu kreikkalainen temppeli Ateenan Akropolis-kukkulalla. Se rakennettiin kiitokseksi siitä, että Kreikka ja Ateena selvisivät persialaissodista.Temppelin nimi juontuu Athenen epiteetistä Parthenos (Παρθένος) eli 'Neito', 'Neitsyt'; näin nimi tarkoitti Neitsyt Athenen temppeliä The Parthenon is a Doric peripteral temple, which means that it consists of a rectangular floor plan with a series of low steps on every side, and a colonnade (8 x 17) of Doric columns extending around the periphery of the entire structure. Each entrance has an additional six columns in front of it The Parthenon, Athens. Athena's great temple has inspired for 2,500 years, and only became a ruin fairly recently. Phidias, Parthenon sculpture (pediments, metopes and frieze) Discover stunning depictions of gods, heroes, and mythical beasts in the most influential sculptures in history

The Parthenon: 10 Surprising Facts of the Temple - The

The name Parthenon or also Parthenonas in Modern Greek means 'an unmarried women's apartments. It relates to the goddess, Athena Parthenos, to whom the temple was dedicated. The name Parthenos means virgin in Greek, while Parthenon describes the inner chambers of the temple The Parthenon was built as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It was the centrepiece of an ambitious building programme on the Acropolis of Athens. The temple's great size and lavish use of white marble was intended to show off the city's power and wealth at the height of its empire. Room 18.

The Optical Illusions That Make the Parthenon Perfect

Parthenon (Acropolis) Abandoned Temple Ruins Athens

The Parthenon, a 2500 years old iconic temple overpowering the hills of Acropolis at Athens in Rome was built for the Greek goddess Athena. This jewel of Athens is the most important building of Classical Ancient Greek Architecture Parthenon. 1. Greek Architecture : The Parthenon Presented by: 2. INTRODUCTION The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena. Its construction started in 447 BC and ended in 438 BC Architects: Ictinus and Callicrates Master sculptor: Phidias. 3

Parthenon (Athens) - 2021 All You Need to Know BEFORE You

Parthenon. The most recognizable sites at the Acropolis, the Parthenon was a temple built in homage to the Greek Goddess Athena Parthenos. This famous temple is considered to be the epitome of Doric architecture, featuring ornate sculptures, mosaics, and ionic marble columns Most of her identities are glorified at the main temple dedicated to her, the Parthenon, the temple of the patron-goddess. Criterion (iv): The Athenian Acropolis is an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble illustrating significant historical phases since the 16th century BC. Firstly, it was the Mycenaean Acropolis (Late Helladic. The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. The Acropolis is home to several buildings and temples which have survived since the days of ancient Greece. The Athenian Acropolis is a hill overlooking the city, and it once served as the religious and financial center of ancient Athens. Besides the Parthenon, some of the buildings. This temple is larger than the Parthenon, a reflection of the wealth and importance of Cyrene in the ancient Greek world. 7. Erechtheum. The Erechtheum is an ancient Greek temple of Ionic style on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens. The temple as seen today was built between 421 and 407 BC. The name, of popular origin, is derived from a.

temple that they call Parthenon). 9. Evidently, the Great Temple on the Acropolis could have been called Par-thenon by the days of Heraclides Criticus and probably already by those of Demosthenes, and that practice continued into the Roman period. Meanwhile, it was also called the (great) temple (of Athena). 1 The Parthenon Sculptures are a collection of different types of marble architectural decoration from the temple of Athena (the Parthenon) on the Acropolis in Athens. Made between 447BC and 432BC they consist of: a frieze which shows the procession of the Panathenaic festival (the commemoration of.

Parthénon — Wikipédi

  1. ated by the Parthenon, the great temple dedicated to Athena in the age of Pericles. While much of the interior was destroyed in an explosion, it remains the finest surviving example of ancient Greek temple construction. Of all surviving structures, the Parthenon best.
  2. The Parthenon is a temple in the middle of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece (Europe). It was a temple to honor the goddess Athena for nearly 900 years, and originally had a huge idol to her. The name Parthenon means the virgin's place in Greek. It was built between 447 BC and 432 BC during the reign of Pericles. It is considered one of ancient Greece's greatest architecture accomplishments
  3. The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. The temple is archaeoastronomically aligned to the Hyades. Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon served a practical purpose as the city treasury

The temple's name Parthenon refers specifically to the virginity of Athena. In an ancient Greek house, the quarter which belonged to un-married women was known as Parthenon. This name was also initially reserved for the temple's western cella where 4 young women entitled arrephoroi spent a whole year weaving her saffron-coloured dress called peplos The lavish project of Parthenon was a structural outcome of such collective levels of self-confidence, economic boom, and tributes exacted from allied city-states. And now after 2456 years, the monumental temple will be refurbished once again, using mostly materials which are now lying near the proximate grounds

Parthenon (grekiska: Παρθενών) är ett tempel på Akropolis i Aten som byggdes mellan 447 f.Kr. och 438 f.Kr då själva byggnaden var klar. Sedan tog finslipning och arbetet med statyer ytterligare cirka sex år. Parthenon stod därmed klart år 432 f.Kr, strax före Peloponnesiska kriget. [1]Arkitekten bakom Parthenon var Iktinos; byggmästare och entreprenör var Kallikrates The temple is a classic example of ancient Greek architecture, with pillars and beautiful scenes. This model is a recreation of the Parthenon, as it would have been in its glory days. The model has a removable roof, exposing the interior. The interior of the temple is dominated by a giant statue of Athena, known as the Athena Parthenos Download this free picture about Greece Parthenon Temple from Pixabay's vast library of public domain images and videos 10. What is The Parthenon (5 Points) Temple of Zeus in Olympia Temple of Poseidon in Argos Temple of Ares in Sparta Temple of Athena in Athen

Parthenon (Nashville) - Wikipedi

  1. The Parthenon remained a temple for a millennium before Greece fell to the Christian Byzantines, who promptly enacted a series of decrees outlawing pagan worship. The Byzantines converted the.
  2. The tour's content is the result of in-depth research, and your virtual visit is both engaging and informative. You can access the tour repeatedly and at any time. This is an unmissable opportunity to gain valuable insights into the Parthenon temple, and immerse yourself in the surroundings in an innovative way
  3. Parthenon, Greece, Acropolis of Athens Ancient Greek temple Ancient Greece Architecture, Greek temple scenery, building, landscape png 1000x750px 1.04MB Monument Historic site Statue Roman temple, archway, stone Carving, ancient History png 774x1032px 962.28K
  4. The Parthenon is a former greek temple on the Athenian Acropolis in Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena
  5. Check out our parthenon temple selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops
  6. The Old Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, made of poros stone, had been destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC. Thirty three years later, in 447 BC, Pericles ordered the construction of the new Parthenon, a Doric order, peripteral temple made of white Pentelic marble
  7. Check out our parthenon temple selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our coins & money shops

The Parthenon is a former temple, located on the Acropolis of Athens, Greece.. Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, the Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias.. It was built between 447 and 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC.. The Parthen is dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the. The Parthenon is a temple in the middle of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece (Europe). It was a temple to honor the goddess Athena for nearly 900 years, and originally had a huge idol to her. The name Parthenon means the virgin's place in Greek. It was built between 447 BC and 432 BC during the reign of Pericles.It is considered one of ancient Greece's greatest architecture accomplishments A replica temple built as early as 1897 It was to commemorate Tennessee's centennial independence Demonstrate the preciousness of democracy and freedom Temple Really shocking Is the authenticity of this temple All sculptures Are the works of local artists Very local flavor There is the sincerity of the local temple to bless the local people I want the Athenians to see the Parthenon Temple It. At the Parthenon in Athens, you'll see the remains of a temple built for the Greek goddess Athena, the patron goddess of the ancient City of Athens, in 438 BC.The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis, a hill overlooking the city of Athens, Greece

Parthenon Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens Temple of Hephaestus Acropolis of Athens Pantheon, Pateronian temple pillars, texture, building, stone png 2426x1737px 6.49MB brown concrete ruins, Sculpture Architecture Art, European Sculpture building, building, window, structure png 4297x4683px 31.42M The Parthenon (/ ˈ p ɑːr θ ə ˌ n ɒ n, - n ən /; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although. The Parthenon (Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Modern Greek: Παρθενώνας) is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC

Greece: Parthenon British Museu

  1. A black pillar stood between the sacred mountain and the flourishing city. The people nearby had been evacuated after the Parthenon Temple's Hall of Faith sounded the alert. The city looked empty, and the boundary of the Dark Execution Ground made it look like something out of an apocalypse. The city was deserted
  2. The Parthenon is an ancient temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena. It is situated on the excavated site of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Construction started in 447 BC and was tentatively completed around 438 BC, although decorative parts of the temple continued to evolve until 432 BC
  3. Browse 3,171 parthenon temple stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. acropolis parthenon temple,athens,greece - parthenon temple stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. temples of athens - parthenon temple stock illustrations
  4. former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece Media in category Parthenon The following 150 files are in this category, out of 150 total. Acropolis (48683645092).jpg. Acropolis Athens Greece-10 (44812387114).
  5. ance. The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens
  6. The Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus at Olympia. Judith M. Barringer, Jeffrey M. Hurwit, Jerome Jordan Pollitt (編). Periklean Athens and Its Legacy: Problems and Perspectives. University of Texas Press. 2005

The magnificent temple on the Acropolis of Athens, known as the Parthenon, was built between 447 and 438 BC in the Age of Pericles, and it was dedicated to the city's patron deity Athena. This monumental building is filled with symbolism evoking power, struggle and victory, the article notes The Parthenon is one of the best known architectural symbols of any civilization. Built in the 15 year period between 447-432 BC this ancient Greek temple was designed as a replacement for a temple destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC. To build a temple of this size (101 x 228 ft.; 30.9m x 69.5m) in that short a timeframe was considered amazing. 3D parthenon models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR options Find the perfect parthenon temple, acropolis, athens stock photo. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now Parthenon: site history before Persian sack of Athens in 480, constructing Doric temple to Athena here, perhaps because of a victory at Marathon in 490; building wrecked by Persians, used foundation to build Parthenon

Parthenon (græsk: Παρθενών, af párthenos = jomfru, til ære for gudinden Athene, der var jomfru) er et tempel på Athens Akropolis.Parthenon blev opført 447-438 f.Kr. som led i et større byggeprogram, der blev sat i gang af Perikles.Betegnelsen Parthenon kendes fra antikke indskrifter, men det vides ikke, om den betegnede hele templet eller kun en del af det Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, conse ctetur adip elit, pellentesque turpis The temple known as the Parthenon was built on the Acropolis of Athens between 447 and 438 B.CE. It was part of a vast building program masterminded by the Athenian statesman Perikles. Inside the temple stood a colossal statue representing Athena, patron goddess of the city

The Goddess Athena and her Sacred Temple, The Parthenon

The completion of the Parthenon is only 9 years in 438 BC resulted in a temple that overshadowed everything else that had ever been built in Greece up to that time. The dimensions of the Parthenon, measured from the top step are 30.9 meters (101 ft) in width, by 69.5 meters (228 ft) in length. The cella ( which was the main body of the temple. The temple is located Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens. Acropolis (Acro-Polis, City High) was the area of Athens and the temples dedicated to the gods. As in other Greek cities that area was far from the city and giving it high on some views. Concep History. The first temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena was erected on the Acropolis in 550 BE. Other temples followed, including the Older Parthenon (begun 488) which was still being built when the Persians attacked Athens in 480 and demolished the Acropolis complex The Parthenon is a large temple that was built in the Doric and Ionic styles of architecture. The temple is aesthetically pleasing because of the quality of its sculptural decoration. In addition, the architects incorporated perspective and how the human eye sees an object to build each part uniquely

Parthenon - Store norske leksiko

Parthenon. The Parthenon is a temple sacred to Athena on the Acropolis in Athens. Built during the Periclean building program between 447-432 BCE, it is among the masterpieces of Greek architecture. The chief architect of the temple was Iktinos, who was assisted by Kallikrates, and perhaps by others Pericles' Propylaea was still in ruins following the explosion of a powder magazine kept there in 1656, while the Erectheum was a harem. Instead, it was the Parthenon that presented Morosini with the most logical target as he pulled up his artillery on the Philipappus Hill

The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. The Acropolis is home to several buildings and temples which have survived since the days of ancient Greece. The Athenian Acropolis is a hill overlooking the city, and it once served as the religious and financial center of ancient Athens. Besides the Parthenon, some of the buildings. Partenonul (Parthenon, în greaca veche: Παρθενών) este templul dedicat zeiței Athena Parthenos, ridicat pe acropola Atenei, capodoperă a arhitecturii grecești.Construirea sa a început în 447 î. Hr., moment în care Imperiul Atenian era la apogeu. A fost terminat în 438 î. Hr., chiar dacă decorarea a continuat până în 432 î. Hr. It was the most sacred of monuments, and was famous in antiquity as a Greek architectural masterpiece. The Parthenon is located in the southern area of the Acropolis, in the heart of the city of Athens, on top of a hill 156 meters high and visible from several kilometers away. The monument was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena

معبد البارثينون أشهر آثار الحضارة الاغريقية القديمة في

Download Parthenon temple. Acropolis in Athens, Greece Photos by sianstock. Subscribe to Envato Elements for unlimited Photos downloads for a single monthly fee. Subscribe and Download now Browse 3,165 parthenon temple stock photos and images available or search for athens to find more great stock photos and pictures. The Acropolis of Athens. The Caryatid Porch of the Erechtheion, ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens on November 10,... The Acropolis of Athens The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the Greek goddessAthena, whom the people of Athens considered their virgin patron. It was designed by Greek architects, Ictinus and Callicrates, in 447 B.C. and was built by Pericles in 432 B.C.It is still one of the most famous buildings in the world. 1 Appearance 2 History 3 Percy Jackson and the Olympians 3.1 The. The Parthenon temple on top of the Acropolis is one of the most recognized buildings in the world. Fletcher Jackson Dr. How many steps are in the Parthenon? The Parthenon is a peripteral octastyle Doric temple with Ionic architectural features. It stands on a platform or stylobate of three steps The Parthenon is a symbol of Ancient Greece, originally created to be a temple to the pagan goddess Athena. Yet, throughout history, it has actually served a role in various other religions, including Christianity and Islam. The temple was transformed into a Christian church when Athens fell under Byzantine rule. It was dedicated to the Virgin.

we're looking at the Parthenon this is a huge marble temple to the goddess Athena we're on the top of a rocky outcropping in the city of Athens very high up overlooking the city overlooking the Aegean Sea now Athens was just one of many Greek city-states and almost everyone had an Acropolis that is had a fortified hill within its city because these were warring States but in the fifth century. Find Temple Of Parthenon Pictures stock video, 4k footage, and other HD footage from iStock. Great video footage that you won't find anywhere else The Parthenon Commentary The Parthenon...enjoys the reputation of being the most perfect Doric temple ever built. Even in antiquity, its architectural refinements were legendary, especially the subtle correspondence between the curvature of the stylobate, the batter, or taper, of the naos walls and the entasis of the columns

Old Temple of Athena - Athens (Greece) | Acropolis | OldIn and Around the Ancient Agora and AcropolisAncient Greece Wallpaper (62+ images)

The Best Parthenon Tours. Book your Acropolis and Parthenon tour online to get the best value. The best Parthenon temple guided tours. Unravel the ancient secrets by going on the Parthenon tour Read Parthenon Reviews. The unforgettable experience of Ancient Greece. The temple was built for the goddess Athena, it was a large statue in the center, about 12 meters, of which nothing remains. The Parthenon replaced an older temple destroyed by an invasion. It's a shame that there are not many ornaments of the temple remaining, most were taken away by the English and can be seen in the British Museum in London. - The Parthenon is a marble temple that was dedicated to Athena, goddess of wisdom, arts, literature, and war. - Construction of the Parthenon started in 477 BC. It was completed almost 40 years later in 438 BC. - Although a little battered, the Parthenon has withstood earthquakes, fire, wars, and explosions through centuries

Athens and the Panatheneia The Parthenon the Temple. Slides: 53; Download presentation. Athens and the Panatheneia The Parthenon, the Temple of Athena, in Athens. Geography Athens The Parthenon was built completely of marble from the base of the temple to its roof tiles. It had two large-scale pediments, each filled with over 20, larger-than-life-sized marble figures in.

British Museum - Museum in London - Thousand Wonders6 Nights/7 Days Tour Package At Athens-Nafplio-OlympiaArchitecture Slide Test Research: Ecstasy of St TeresaTemple of Venus and Roma, Plan | ClipArt ETC

The Parthenon stands proudly as the centerpiece of Centennial Park, Nashville's premier urban park. The re-creation of the 42-foot statue Athena is the focus of the Parthenon just as it was in ancient Greece. The building and the Athena statue are both full-scale replicas of the Athenian originals Holy Saint Wen Tai, the most brilliant Great Muse that the Parthenon Temple ever had in the last few hundred years, Asha'ruiya said. Oh, it's him! Mo Fan recognized the name. Mo Fan had actually heard the name Wen Tai before, but the man was somewhat contradictory The Parthenon was built to replace a temple that had previously stood on the site but was destroyed by Persian invaders. The primary purpose of the previous temple was to house a large statue of the goddess Athena. Construction on the Parthenon began in 480 B.C. and took about 48 years to complete