Malar rash differential diagnosis

Malar Rash - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

A malar rash (from Latin mala 'jaw, cheek-bone'), also called butterfly rash, is a medical sign consisting of a characteristic form of facial rash. It is often seen in lupus erythematosus. More rarely, it is also seen in other diseases, such as pellagra, dermatomyositis, and Bloom syndrome Facial rashes. Patients often present with quite mild signs when they have a facial lesion or rash — due to embarrassment — and the diagnosis may be tricky. Significant itch suggests atopic dermatitis or contact dermatitis. Face: erosions / crusting Herpes simplex . Monomorphic clustered vesicles or crusted papules; Often locally recurrent in the same sit Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) — discoid or malar 'butterfly' distribution of a facial rash affecting the cheeks and nasal bridge, often associated with photosensitivity, and possible systemic involvement. Rarely presents with pustules Diagnosis is best made via echocardiography, which may reveal the characteristic valvular masses (arrows). IVS = interventricular septum; LA = left atrium; LV = left ventricle. Histologic image of a normal renal cortex, including the glomerulus (1) and proximal (2) and distal (3) convoluted tubule Urine tests, such as kidney biopsies, and blood examinations are also necessary in some cases for an accurate diagnosis. Malar Rash Differential Diagnosis Malar Rashes are similar to rashes appearing in Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and Psoriasis. Blood tests are necessary to rule out the presence of such conditions

Malar Rash Differential Diagnosis. The most common way of diagnosis of malar rash is to undergo blood tests, urine tests, and biopsy of the kidneys. Such examinations help the doctors to get a fair idea of the general factors causing malar rash and also aids the acquisition of the knowledge of the patient's medical history Malar Rash Differential Diagnosis Malar Rashes are similar to rashes appearing in Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and Psoriasis. Blood tests are necessary to rule out the presence of such conditions . Malar Rash - PubMe . The differential diagnosis of SLE is broad, and includes infection, malignancy and other inflammatory disorders

Differential diagnoses for malar rash are as follows: systemic lupus erythematosus, cellulitis, rosacea, erysipelas, dermatomyositis, and pellagra. Treatment starts with sun protection and management of the underlying disease. This activity reviews the role of the interprofessional team in the evaluation and treatment of this condition The diagnosis is cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Look out for a malar rash across both cheeks (see Figure 4, left). Photosensitivity is common, and the lesions are often induced by exposure to sunlight. 1

Important differential diagnoses for newer DLE lesions include actinic keratosis, psoriasis and Bowen's disease, whilst older DLE lesions can occasionally resemble fungal skin infections. (3) Malar rash: Redness covering nose and cheeks is referred to as malar rash and is usually associated with SLE myalgia, which occur in up to 95% of patients with SLE.10 Less common presenting symptoms include malar rash (31%), photosensitivity (23%), pleuritic chest pain (16%), new-onset Raynaud phenomenon..

Lupus (Latin for wolf) derives its name from the classical butterfly rash which mimics 'the bite or scratch of a wolf'. 1 Malar rash (butterfly rash), seen in 46-65% of lupus patients, is highly specific for the diagnosis of SLE. 2 The rash may be raised or flat, scaly, non-pruritic and characteristically spares the nasolabial fold (differentiates from dermatomyositis) Differential diagnosis of a thyroid mass, facial malar rash and ptosis on the flora in the primavera by Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) Differential diagnosis of the goiter with ptosis and the malar rash could represent the individual depicted may have suffered from concomitant thyroid and malar-causing autoimmunity

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease, with multisystemic involvement. The disease has several phenotypes, with varying clinical presentations in patients ranging from mild mucocutaneous manifestations to multiorgan and severe central nervous system involvement. Several immunopathogenic pathways play a role in the development of SLE In addition, patients with MCD frequently test positive for ANAs, so an ANA test cannot be used to exclude it from the differential diagnosis.[2] Other laboratory findings consistent with MCD include an elevated level of C-reactive protein, an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia, renal dysfunction or proteinuria, and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia.[25 Cutaneous eruptions associated with fever in elderly patients have a wide differential diagnosis. Hematological disorders are a rare cause of dermatological symptoms, and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, which is an uncommon non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving T cells, rarely involves the skin. For example, a malar rash can be seen in 90%.

SEATTLE — The clinical features of lupus in children may be subtle and easily overlooked, Dr. David Sherry said. Vasculitis, the pathologic hallmark of lupus, can produce a challenging clinical picture with a wide differential diagnosis, noted Dr. Sherry, who is a pediatric rheumatologist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia The differential diagnosis of SLE is broad, and includes infection, malignancy and other inflammatory disorders. The adolescent female who presents with a photosensitive malar rash, painless oral ulcer, polyarthritis, Raynaud's phenomenon and pleural effusions is not a diagnostic challenge

The Generalized Rash: Part I

  1. e the trunk and the extremities. Look at palms, soles and mucous membranes. Touch the skin with a gloved hand to deter
  2. ation can help the clinician narrow down a list of more probable etiologies. It is important for physicians to be diligent, as the differential diagnosis can include [
  3. Differential diagnosis of a thyroid mass, facial malar rash and ptosis on the flora in the primavera by Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) July 2021 Journal of Endocrinological Investigatio
  4. Malar rash is present in 50 to 60 percent of people with systemic lupus erythematosus, also known as acute cutaneous lupus. Lupus is a somewhat rare condition, likely underdiagnosed due to its.
  5. g the calculation. For example, if chest pain and low oxygen saturations were present, but haemoptysis was absent, the features section should look as follows:. To add a feature that is present, start typing and then click the green arrow
  6. Background Malar rash is one of the three cutaneous diagnostic criteria of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although its clinical recognition is often straightforward, the differential.

Localised acute CLE: malar 'butterfly' rash - redness and swelling over both cheeks, sparing the nasolabial folds, lasting hours to days; Generalised acute CLE: diffuse or papular erythema of the face, upper limbs (sparing the knuckles), and trunk resembling a morbilliform drug eruption or viral exanthe The malar rash of SLE can be mimicked by a variety of other facial rashes, including acne, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, perioral dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and erysipelas. If the diagnosis remains uncertain after an extensive clinical and serologic evaluation, biopsy of the rash can aid in distinguishing cutaneous lupus from other.

differential diagnosis of lupus and the pitfalls in the tests used to diagnose and monitor elderly with lower incidence of malar rash, photosensitivity, purpura, alopecia, Raynaud's phenomenon, renal and central nervous system involvement, but greater prevalence o lesions such as malar rash, vasculitis rash, and psoriasis are important in making the diagnosis. Raynaud's phenomenon can be detected during physical examination. There may be specific cutaneous signs of the in-fectious diseases, primarily in viral infections. Figure 1 illustrates palmoplantar skin rash in a syphilis patient with polyarthritis Chronic inflammatory and auto-immune disorder characterised by diminished lacrimal and salivary gland secretion (sicca complex). May present with fatigue and dry eyes (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) and dry mouth (xerostomia). Diagnosed by positive antinuclear antibodies, anti-60 kD (SS-A) Ro and an.. Abstract. Background: Malar rash is one of the three cutaneous diagnostic criteria of systemic lupus ery- thematosus (SLE). Although its clinical recognition is often straightforward, the differential diagnosis with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea may sometimes be challenging Cutaneous manifestations of SLE include malar rash, photosensitivity, and discoid lupus. Malar rash is characterized by erythema over the cheeks and nasal bridge (but sparing the nasolabial folds, which is in contrast to the rash of dermatomyositis) (see the image below). It lasts from days to weeks and is occasionally painful or pruritic

The classic malar rash, also known as a butterfly rash, with distribution over the cheeks and nasal bridge. Note that the fixed erythema, sometimes with mild induration as seen here. Dermoscopy in the differential diagnosis between malar rash of systemic lupus erythematosus and erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: an observational study. Errichetti E, Lallas A, De Marchi G, Apalla Z, Zabotti A, De Vita S, Stinco G. Lupus, 28(13):1583-1588, 16 Oct 2019 Cited by: 0 articles.

The butterfly rash or malar rash, a proverbial diagnostic lesion of SLE, is most often seen in early SLE. It is composed of (at least partially) well-demarcated symmetrical erythemas (and edema) of the malar areas that are connected over the bridge of the nose and thus result in a butterfly-like shape The following differential diagnosis case studies will explore possible causes of facial rashes, with the aim of making it easier to understand the presentations and complexity. Case 1. Samantha is 45 years old and works in a media job, which involves entertaining guests and public speaking

Malar Rash and Photosensitivity Differential Diagnosis by

  1. An atypical exanthem is an acute skin eruption that differs in appearance from classically described viral rashes such as measles, rubella, or erythema infectiosum. They are usually preceded or associated . ›. Exanthematous (maculopapular) drug eruption. systemic or cutaneous diseases
  2. Cocaine-laced with levamisole is in the differential diagnosis systemic lupus, myopathy and vasculitis . A rheumatologist should recognize a lupus patient by the malar rash sparing the nasolabial folds, classic kidney biopsy and other constellations, such as non-scarring alopecia and discoid lupus
  3. ated in time and space, backed up by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or spinal fluid changes, commonly leave neither room nor reason for doubt. Occasionally, however, a rogue erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), an atypical (or normal) MRI scan, or an unexpected symptom.
  4. The presence of alopecia also can help distinguish malar rash from other conditions, as it is a common feature in SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus), Dr. Vleugels noted. Perhaps the most important differential diagnosis in the dermatology-rheumatology clinic is chronic mid-facial erythema, she said
  5. Lupus erythematosus (LE) comprises an uncommon group of connective tissue disorders. The main types of lupus are discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) and systemic lupus erythematosus. The aim of this chapter, which is set out as below, is to highlight the key features of these conditions
  6. Diagnostic criteria can expedite diagnosis and treatment, but are not available for SLE. Table 2 A systematic approach to differential diagnosis in SLE * malar rash (in 27% of cases.
  7. Physicians often have difficulty diagnosing generalized rash, because many different conditions produce similar rashes and a single condition can result in different rashes with varied appearances. Although it is important to begin the evaluation with an inclusive differential diagnosis, a focused history and looking for clinical features are.


  1. Differential diagnosis. The differential diagnosis for rash with joint pain in children is broad and includes both infectious and noninfectious causes (Table). lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly along with the classic malar rash and nonerosive symmetric arthritis should raise the suspicion for SLE. Laboratory workup is usually positive.
  2. ant histological pattern, formulating a list of differential diagnoses based on the pattern and correlating the pattern with the clinical scenario and distribution of lesions. Ancillary methods including special stains and direct immunofluorescence are also integral to this diagnostic algorithm. This paper.
  3. The differential diagnosis of membranous glomerulopathy and a rash includes systemic diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, and sarcoidosis), infections (hepatitis B and C virus, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], syphilis, schistosomiasis, and filariasis), malignancies (carcinoma, leukemia, and graft-versus-host.
  4. Differential Diagnosis: Extensive rash pattern, Multiple skin lesions. Skin rashes are common patient complaints. overlap, discrete, identifiable factors for each disease can aid in diagnosis and treatment.. Fever and Rash - Infectious Disease and Antimicrobial Agents. Diaper dermatitis broadly refers to skin disorders that occur in the diaper area, such as skin eruptions triggered by.
  5. A malar rash was evident, previously unrecognised due to the wearing of a facemask . The main differential diagnosis was tubulointerstitial nephritis with uveitis (TINU). A malar rash is not a recognised feature of this syndrome, and therefore systemic lupus erythematosus was also considered

Video: Malar Rash - PubMe

Maintaining suspicion for rare diseases included in the broad differential diagnosis for SLE may help prevent misdiagnosis and facilitate more prompt management of a patient's illness. Compiled by Christin Melton, ELS. References. 1. Scofield RH, Oates J. The place of William Osler in the description of systemic lupus erythematosus Barrett M, Luu M. Differential diagnosis of atopic dermatitis. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 2017;37:11-34. Silverberg NB. Typical and atypical clinical appearance of atopic dermatitis. Clin Dermatol 2017;35:354-359. Suh KS, Park JB, Yang MH, et al. Diagnostic usefulness of dermoscopy in differentiating lichen aureus from nummular eczema Differential Diagnosis of Mouth Ulcers Aphthous ulcer (i.e. canker sore or ulcerative stomatitis) Herpes simplex Oral candidiasis Hand, foot, and mouth disease (Coxsackievirus) Herpangina (Coxsackievirus) Acute HIV infection Chickenpox (Varicella Zoster) Syphilis Parvovirus (fifth disease) Squamous cell carcinoma Trauma Drug reaction Behcet's disease Erythema multiforme Stevens-Johnson. A malar rash appears in a butterfly pattern across the nose and cheeks. People with lupus rash or with rosacea experience red patches and sensitivity to sunlight. Rosacea diagnosis is carried. In patients with malar rash, AMS scores at one (8.30 6.80, p CONCLUSIONS: Malar rash may be a marker of more severe systemic disease over time, while DLE has no significant [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Raynaud syndrome due to vasospasm in the fingers and toes causes characteristic blanching and cyanosis

Arthralgia is common and often is the first symptom and presents in up to 90% of the patients. Constitutional symptoms including myalgia, fever and weight loss are also common. Cutaneous involvement is frequent and may include photosensitivity, purpura, erythema nodosum, malar rash, and subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) rash Differential Diagnosis of Maculopapular Rash. Maculopapular rash may be mistakenly called macule, papule, patch, nodule, plaque, vesicle, or pustule. To differentiate these skin lesions from each other, here are the pictures of each. Picture 12: Macule measures less than 1 cm. It is a flat blemish like that of a freckle Diagnosis is clinical. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) microscopy is infrequently done, and rarely fungal culture or biopsy may be undertaken to exclude diagnosis of dermatophyte infection. Dyshidrotic dermatitis. Differntiating Signs/Symptoms. Sudden eruption of pruritic, small intradermal vesicles on hands and feet Acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (ACLE) includes malar rash but can occur elsewhere on the body. Malar or butterfly rash presents as an erythema that covers the cheeks and nose (may extend onto forehead and chin). Lesions are often exacerbated by sunlight (see Table 16-4A for a differential diagnosis)

A butterfly rash: This malar rash is a classic symptom of lupus, rosacea, photosensitivity, scaling rash, which we may consider in the differential diagnosis with localized ACLE, seborrheic dermatitis tends to be centered along the crease, Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects several organs (such as skin, and discolored skin. Diagnosis is based on clinical history and cortisol studies. Management depends on the underlying cause. Systemic lupus erythematosus: a multisystem autoimmune disorder that occurs predominantly in young women. The classic malar rash is similar to that in DM, except for sparing of the nasolabial folds

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Primary Care Approach toHong Kong Journal of Paediatrics [HK J Paediatr (New

Differential diagnosis of localized ACLE - Lupus Erythematosu

Dermatomyositis (dur-muh-toe-my-uh-SY-tis) is an uncommon inflammatory disease marked by muscle weakness and a distinctive skin rash. The condition can affect adults and children. In adults, dermatomyositis usually occurs in the late 40s to early 60s. In children, it most often appears between 5 and 15 years of age The clinical presentation can vary greatly. Notable clinical features include malar rash, nondestructive arthritis, lupus nephritis, serositis, cytopenia, thromboembolic disease, seizures, and/or psychosis. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria, and includes tests to determine ANAs, SLE-specific antibodies, and specific clinical findings Tumid lupus erythematosus (TLE) is a relatively uncommon variant of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Patients typically present with asymptomatic, edematous, erythematous papules and plaques with no surface changes, most commonly on the trunk, face, and neck. Photosensitivity is a hallmark feature: lesions are often brought about by. •Rashes: oral/nasal ulcers, malar rash, discoid rash, photosensitivity •Clinical •Sz/psychosis; pericardial/pleural effusions; arthritis •Lab •CBC with diff (cytopenias), if anemic consider Coombs •Urinalysis •ANA, (dsDNA Ab, anti-phospholipid Ab, C3 At 10 years they reported that the presence of malar rash, serositis, or discoid lupus in patients with UCTD suggested an eventual diagnosis of SLE. In another follow-up study of 83 patients with UCTD, 18 patients (22%) developed SLE at a mean period of 54 months, 4 and the presence of anticardiolipin (aCL) antibody was associated with the.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Differential Diagnosis And Treatment

Malar rash Fixed erythema over malar eminences sparing nasolabial fold Discoid rash Erythematous raised patches with adherent keratotic scale and follicular Antibodies alone are not sufficient to make diagnosis Other forms of lupus and lupus‐related disorders • Cutaneous lupus •Differential: •Traction alopeci Morphology: Plaque Diagnosis: Systemic lupus erythematosus in childhood Site: Face Sex: F Age: 6 Type: Clinical Description: Malar rash across cheeks and nose Submitted by: Shahbaz Janjua View Full Size Differential Diagnosis : History: Childhood systemic lupus erythematosus is fundamentally the same disease as in adults with similar etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and. Skin involvement in 80% of the cases (often malar rash) American College of Rheumatology has 11 criteria for SLE diagnosis If 4 or more of the criteria are satisfied, then the patient is said to have SLE ANA + 99% Possible drug induced Procainamide, Hydralazine, Isoniazid, et

Malar rash - Wikipedi

To make a diagnosis of lupus the patient must have had at least four of these 11 criteria at any time since the onset of the disease. 1. Malar rash - fixed red rash over the cheeks 2. Discoid rash - red patches of skin associated with scaling and plugging of the hair follicles 3. Photosensitivity - rash after exposure to sunlight 4 Waterfield, T. et al, Fifteen-minute consultation: the child with a non-blanching rash, Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice, 2018;103:236-240. Waterfield T. et al, Validating clinical practice guidelines for the management of children with non-blanching rashes in the UK (PiC): a prospective, multicentre cohort study, The. Castleman's disease should be differentiated from other conditions presenting with fever, fatigue, weight loss, arthralgia, myalgia, rash and soft tissue swelling. The differentials include the following: Category of Disease. Diseases. Signs and symptoms. Laboratory findings The rash can range from the blushing look to bearing a familial resemblance to Seal (whose scarred cheeks are, in fact, a malar rash). Sometimes your cheekbones and the bridge of your nose are just a little flushed, like your lupus slapped you across the face, and for other people it's a scarifying, face-munching wreck

Rat bite fever is a rare, underdiagnosed disease caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis in the United States, and is typically characterized by leukocytosis, elevated C-reactive protein, migratory polyarthralgias, and pustular skin rash. Rat bite fever is frequently misdiagnosed as either a viral illness or a rheumatologic disease and carries a high mortality risk if untreated Scleritis is the inflammation in the episcleral and scleral tissues with injection in both superficial and deep episcleral vessels. It may involve the cornea, adjacent episclera and the uvea and thus can be vision-threatening. Scleritis is often associated with an underlying systemic disease in up to 50% of patients

Facial rashes DermNet N

Butterfly Rash 2 Year Old. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Camouflaging As Refractory. Facial Rashes Whats The Diagnosis Differential. Is This A Lupus Malar Rash Hey Everyone I Have Lupus Uk. Went To A New Dermatologist About My Rosacea And She Says It The differential diagnosis of a malar rash is broad, including seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, and acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus, none of which fit well with her presentation. The debilitating burning and erythema she experienced that was resistant to treatment and partially relieved with cooling was quite reminiscent of erythromelalgia

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Differential diagnosis Diagnosis Rosacea CKS NIC

Telangiectasias occur in patients who have both types of scleroderma: Limited scleroderma - also called CREST syndrome, which stands for Calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, Esophageal dysmotility, Sclerosis and Telangiectasia. This primarily affects the skin of the face, hands and feet (with possible involvement of other organs) Undoubtedly useful, mainly for differential diagnosis between systemic LE and other rheumatologic diseases, such criteria are commonly inadequate for some LE subsets. Concerning cutaneous manifestations, the ACR criteria include malar rash, discoid rash, photosensitivity, and oral ulcers

The butterfly rash (malar erythema) is the most common expression of SLE . Differential diagnosis includes dermatomyositis, Sjögren's syndrome, photosensitive drug eruption, acute rheumatic fever, and pellagra There are 7 types of psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis skin rash. Small red bumps form, then get scaly and larger. Up to 90% of psoriasis patients experience this type of rash. 15% of people with plaque psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis.; Nail psoriasis leads to pits in fingernails and toenails and may result in loss of nails

A malar rash is also known as a butterfly rash and appears on the face. It is usually red or purple and may be blotchy or solid. It can occur alongside many conditions, including lupus and rosacea Differential Diagnosis of Polyarthritis Common Causes of Polyarticular Joint Pain Distribution Disease Chronolo gy Inflammati on Pattern Symmet ry Axial Involvem ent Chronic Yes Small joints Yes No Malar rash, oral ulcers, serositis (pleuritis or pericarditis) 9:1 Osteoarthrit is Chronic No Lower extremity joints, proximal and distal. If malar rash plus serological manifestations of SLE occur simultaneously, the combined diagnostic accuracy for SLE is 92%. 2 The classic malar or 'butterfly' rash of SLE is defined as a fixed. flat or raised, over the malar eminences, tending to spare the nasolabial folds [5], it sometimes poses problems in differential diagnosis, mainly against rosacea and occa-sionally against dermatomyositis [16]. If this skin symp-tom is correctly diagnosed, however, SLE is rather likely. Malar rash is the most common form of what now i Malar rash, with its butterfly appearance due to nasolabial sparing, is so typical that it has led to butterfly symbols for most lupus foundations and patient associations. given a greater number of differential diagnoses . With a total of 8 points, class II or V and accelerated atherosclerosis is an important differential diagnosis for.

Systemic lupus erythematosus wikipedia engels | stichting

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Differential Diagnose

Diagnosis. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by PPT - SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSIS (SLE) PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4c57f2-ZmZiZ. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)- This is the most common and Skin rashes. Differential Diagnosis of MS vs. Connective Tissue Disease MSCoE Case Teleconference October 2006 - Title: Look at the skin of the face for malar rash indicating systemic lupus erythematosus. Look for sclerodactyly, calcinosis or ulcer formation, and carefully seek evidence of vasculitic changes in the nail beds (magnification will help with this), suggesting progressive systemic sclerosis

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It is important to Differential Diagnosis between Preeclampsia and SLE (systemic lupus sclerosis) in pregnancy because management is totally different. SLE shows itself by: - Hypertension in a pregnant woman in the setting of o Massive proteinuria o Malar rash o Positive ANA titer - Also pay attention to thse facts: Butterfly Rash On Upper Chest. Facial Rashes Whats The Diagnosis Differential. What Really Causes The Lupus Butterfly Rash Health. Lupus Butterfly Rash Malar Rash Info Pictures Mollys Fund. 26 Photos That Show How Autoimmune Disease Affects The Skin. Sjia Rash Vs Other Rashes Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic. Rash 22 Common Skin Rashes Pictures. Malar rash, also known as the butterfly rash, is an acute manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, that is present in around 50 percent of patients. This rash is so-named because it resembles a butterfly, covering both cheeks and the bridge of the nose and spanning the width of the face Here are pictures and descriptions of 21 types of rashes. 1. Cellulitis. [caption: Attribution: Courtesy Colm Anderson via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.5] Cellulitis is an infection caused by a bacteria, typically streptococcus or staphylococcus, entering through a crack or break in your skin. It may also enter through areas of dry, flaky, or.